Steering Wheel Shaking
Steering Wheel Shaking may indicate problems with the axle! If you encounter this problem at idle, when the vehicle is stopped or when braking, check out our article!
Steering wheel shaking is one of the problems that drivers often encounter, whether they are driving or stationary. Steering shakes, sometimes caused by a loose bolt and sometimes by an unstable tire, are not always due to simple reasons. In order to reach the solution of the problem more easily, it is necessary to know well what causes it arises. Here are the 6 most common causes of steering wheel shake:
Out of Balance Wheels
If you have never changed your tires before, it is possible that you have not had your wheels balanced. The balancing, which is applied at every tire change, is done to ensure the balance of the wheels. Just because the wheels are the same size and the same quality doesn’t mean they will work perfectly. The aim of balancing is to distribute the weight equally to all wheels. If there is an imbalance in the balance, it causes the steering wheel to vibrate when you press the gas. Steering vibrations due to balance adjustment occur more at high speeds.
However, it is not quite right to say that all vibrations at high speeds are caused by unbalance. If the steering wheel shake suddenly stops when you take your foot off the accelerator at high speed, this steering wheel vibration may be caused by the axle. Axle-induced vibrations mean that there is a problem with the mechanical parts of your vehicle.
Wheel Misalignment – Steering Wheel Shaking
Misaligned wheels are one of the most common causes of steering wheel shakes. This situation where the wheels stop at different angles or directions to each other is called wheel misalignment. Wheel misalignment is usually a problem that occurs after driving the car for a long time. However, it may appear earlier depending on usage. Avoiding potholes and bumps delays wheel alignment.
If you want to know if the vibration is caused by the wheel alignment, you can examine the tread of the tires. A tire with a bad wheel alignment can have asymmetrical wear where only the inner side or only the outer side is deformed. In addition, if the steering wheel pulls to the right or left while driving on the road, this is due to a wrong wheel alignment. Adjusting the wheel and balance adjustments will not only eliminate steering vibration but also help you prevent worse results.
Bearings in the wheel hub are vital for the healthy progress of cars. These parts allow the wheels to turn smoothly without friction. In this way, it makes it easier for cars to reach high revs. Unlubricated, damaged or broken bearings can cause other problems besides a shaky steering wheel. Because the bearings are connected to the axle and hub assembly, when they are not working properly, they directly affect the drive shaft, causing the steering to vibrate.
Bearing vibrations are usually felt when the steering wheel is turned. Even if the bearings are damaged when driving straight, the steering wheel may not vibrate. Bearing problems can usually be fixed with a simple lubrication or cleaning, but if there is significant wear, they must be replaced.
The suspension system of the vehicles has a complex structure that connects the wheels to the rest of the car. The suspensions minimize bumps, vibrations and noises into the cabin. It also contributes to how the vehicle moves and braking. One of the possible causes of a shaky steering wheel is wear on the suspension parts, loose connections and the drive shaft. If the steering vibration is caused by the suspension, it is evident during acceleration times. In such cases, suspensions should be taken into care and the problem should be resolved as soon as possible.
Steering wheel vibration when braking is more noticeable than others. Worn brake pads, loose connections or bad brake discs can cause shaky steering. After making sure that the vibration problem is completely caused by the brake, you may need to clean the brake elements, replace them or tighten the loose parts.
Damaged Engine Mount
Steering wheel shaking while the vehicle is stationary is one of the most common complaints of drivers. Any damage to the engine mounts causes idle steering vibration. The so-called engine mount or engine mount is used to absorb engine vibrations and road shocks. If you are experiencing steering wheel vibration at idle, it is likely due to a fault in the engine mount.